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Gastrointestinal bleeding as presentation of small bowel metastases of malignant melanoma: Is surgery a good choice?

Authors
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2014.09.003
Keywords
  • Melanoma Metastasis
  • Gastrointestinal Bleeding
  • Small Intestine Surgery
  • Capsule Endoscopy
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract INTRODUCTION Melanoma shows a particular predilection in involving small intestine both in a single site and in multiple localization and acute or chronic gastrointestinal bleedings are often the first sign of tumor. PRESENTATION OF CASE We report two cases of GI metastases of malignant melanoma, one presented with only a big mass that cause intestinal obstruction and the other with a tumor spread throughout the small intestine that produce enterorrhagia. DISCUSSION Diagnosis and follow-up are very difficult: CT scan, PET-CT scan and capsule endoscopy should be complementary for the assessment of patients with GI symptoms and melanoma history. CONCLUSION What is the role of surgery? Several studies suggest metastasectomy to achieve both R0 results and palliative resolutions of acute symptoms, such as obstruction, pain, and bleeding.

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