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Synthesis and characterization of nanofibrous sodium manganese oxide with a 2 x 4 tunnel structure

Authors
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Octahedral Molecular-Sieves
  • Na-Rich Birnessite
  • Hexagonal Birnessite
  • Transformation
  • Cryptomelane
  • Refinement
  • Todorokite
Disciplines
  • Earth Science
  • Geography

Abstract

Microsoft Word - 3e3dlDKoIDI1QjAKZds.Paper-Chemistry of Mat.2001.doc CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS 13 (5): 1585-1592 MAY 2001 Preprint of the Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz -Haber-Institute of the MPG (for personal use only) (www.fhi-berlin.mpg.de/ac) Synthesis and characterization of nanofibrous sodium manganese oxide with a 2 x 4 tunnel structure Xia G.G., Tong W., Tolentino N., Duan N.G., Brock S.L., Wang J.Y., Suib S.L., Ressler, T. Addresses: Suib SL, University Connecticut, Inst. Mat Sci, Storrs, CT 06269 USA Tong W, University Connecticut, Inst Mat Sci, Storrs, CT 06269 USA Duan NG, University Connecticut, Dept Chem, Storrs, CT 06269 USA Ressler T, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Fritz-Haber-Institut, Faradayweg 4-6 D-14195 Berlin-Dahlem, Germany Abstract: Sodium manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves with a 2 x 4 tunnel structure (Na-2 x 4) have been hydrothermally synthesized from Na-birnessite materials at low temperatures and pressures. The synthetic template materials, the pH value of the medium, and the autoclaved temperature are critical in the synthesis. Sodium salts, such as NaCl, NaNO3, and Na2SO4, are good templates for Na-2 x 4. In strong basic solution or below 160 degreesC, Na-birnessite does not transform to the Na-2 x 4 structure. TEM images show the synthesized Na-2 x 4 is made up of thin slablike single crystals elongated along the b axis. The formula of Na-2 x 4 can be written as Na0.33Mn0.333+Mn0.674+O2. xH(2)O, and it is monoclinic with space group C2/m. The unit cell parameters (a, b, c, and beta) for Na-2 x 4 are 14.434(5) Angstrom, 2.849(7) Angstrom, 23.976(6) Angstrom, and 98.18 degrees, respectively. These data for Na- 2 x 4 are slightly different from the data for Rb-2 x 4 synthesized under high pressure and high temperature, which were reported by Rziha et al. (Eur. J. Miner. 1998, 8, 1155-1161). The surface area of Na-2 x 4 is abou

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