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Downregulation of intracellular nm23-H1 prevents cisplatin-induced DNA damage in oesophageal cancer cells: possible association with Na+, K+-ATPase

Authors
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group
Publication Date
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1054/bjoc.2000.1436
Keywords
  • Regular Article
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Previously, we showed that expression of nm23-H1 is associated inversely with sensitivity to cisplatin in human oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The present study was undertaken to investigate the association of nm23-H1 expression with cisplatin-induced DNA damage in OSCC using antisense nm23-H1 transfectants. YES-2/AS-12, an antisense nm23-H1-transfected OSCC cell line, showed significantly reduced expression of intracellular nm23-H1 protein compared with that in parental YES-2 cells and YES-2/Neo transfectants. Surface expression of nm23-H1 protein was not observed in any of the three cell lines. PCR analysis for DNA damage demonstrated that YES-2/AS-12 cells were more resistant to nuclear and mitochondrial DNA damage by cisplatin than were YES-2/Neo cells. In addition, mitochondrial membrane potentials and DNA fragmentation assays confirmed that YES-2/AS-12 was more resistant than YES-2/Neo to apoptosis induced by cisplatin. In contrast, YES-2/AS-12 was more sensitive to ouabain, a selective inhibitor of Na+, K+-ATPase, than YES-2 and YES-2/Neo. Pre-treatment with ouabain resulted in no differences in cisplatin sensitivity between the three cell lines examined. Intracellular platinum level in YES-2/AS-12 was significantly lower than that in YES-2 and YES-2/Neo following incubation with cisplatin, whereas ouabain pre-treatment resulted in no differences in intracellular platinum accumulations between the three cell lines. Our data support the conclusion that reduced expression of intracellular nm23-H1 in OSCC cells is associated with cisplatin resistance via the prevention of both nuclear and mitochondrial DNA damage and suggest that it may be related to Na+, K+-ATPase activity, which is responsible for intracellular cisplatin accumulation. © 2000 Cancer Research Campaign

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