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Development of a cloud-point extraction method for copper and nickel determination in food samples

Journal of Hazardous Materials
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.02.011
  • Copper
  • Nickel
  • Cloud-Point Extraction
  • Food
  • Design


Abstract A new, simple and versatile cloud-point extraction (CPE) methodology has been developed for the separation and preconcentration of copper and nickel. The metals in the initial aqueous solution were complexed with 2-(2′-benzothiazolylazo)-5-( N, N-diethyl)aminophenol (BDAP) and Triton X-114 was added as surfactant. Dilution of the surfactant-rich phase with acidified methanol was performed after phase separation, and the copper and nickel contents were measured by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The variables affecting the cloud-point extraction were optimized using a Box–Behnken design. Under the optimum experimental conditions, enrichment factors of 29 and 25 were achieved for copper and nickel, respectively. The accuracy of the method was evaluated and confirmed by analysis of the followings certified reference materials: Apple Leaves, Spinach Leaves and Tomato Leaves. The limits of detection expressed to solid sample analysis were 0.1 μg g −1 (Cu) and 0.4 μg g −1 (Ni). The precision for 10 replicate measurements of 75 μg L −1 Cu or Ni was 6.4 and 1.0, respectively. The method has been successfully applied to the analysis of food samples.

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