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Recovery and purification of 4.66 TBq(126 Ci) of137Cs from a 20-year-old spent sealed source

Authors
Journal
Journal of Hazardous Materials
0304-3894
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
168
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.02.147
Keywords
  • Alara
  • Brachytherapy
  • 137Cscl Pellet
  • Precipitation
  • Spent Source
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract An attempt to recover and purify 4.66 TBq(126 Ci) of 137Cs as solution from a 20-year-old doubly encapsulated sealed source containing 137CsCl was made successfully. The primary capsule was first cut open to retrieve the secondary capsule. The top end of the secondary SS capsule was then cut to render it as an open cylinder and the 137CsCl pellet inside was dissolved in small aliquots of water. Each aliquot of the 137CsCl solution was dispensed into glass vials, sealed, assayed and stored. Barium formed during the radioactive decay of 137Cs was removed by carbonate precipitation. Chloride was removed by heating with HNO 3 and evaporation. About 91.8% of the total activity could be recovered and used subsequently for making brachytherapy sources.

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