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Bioinspired design of dental multilayers

Authors
Journal
Materials Science and Engineering A
0921-5093
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
464
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2007.02.058
Keywords
  • Bioinspired
  • Design
  • Functionally Graded
  • Dental Multi-Layers
Disciplines
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract This paper considers the use of bioinspired functionally graded structures in the design of dental multi-layers that are more resistant to sub-surface crack nucleation. Unlike existing dental crown restorations that give rise to high stress concentration, the functionally graded layers (between crown materials and the joins that attach them to dentin) are shown to promote significant reductions in stress and improvements in the critical crack size. Special inspiration is drawn from the low stress concentrations associated with the graded distributions in the dentin–enamel junction (DEJ). The implications of such functionally graded structures are also discussed for the design of dental restorations.

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