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A prospective randomized clinical trial of 0.1% tacrolimus ointment in a model of chronic allergic contact dermatitis

Authors
Journal
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
0190-9622
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
55
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaad.2006.03.025

Abstract

Objective Tolerability and safety of 0.1% tacrolimus ointment in treating nickel-induced allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) were evaluated. Methods Patients allergic to nickel applied nickel patches to each upper inner aspect of the arm for 4 to 8 hours daily. Tacrolimus was applied to patch site on one arm and vehicle to patch site on the other, twice daily. Physician's Global Assessment, signs and symptoms of ACD, pruritus scores, and adverse events were evaluated. Results After 8 weeks, dermatitis in 45% of patients was clear or almost clear (Physician's Global Assessment) with tacrolimus; and 1% with vehicle ( P < .001). Significant results were achieved as early as day 8. Tacrolimus was superior in ACD signs and symptoms improvement and pruritus reduction ( P < .001). Adverse events were similar between treatments. Limitations This model, involving one agent, may not be generalizable for other agents. Conclusions Tacrolimus ointment 0.1% is well tolerated and significantly more effective than vehicle in treating chronically exposed, nickel-induced ACD.

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