The core of the diploma thesis is an evaluation of causes and impacts of the economic crisis, which had the most important impact in the period from 2007 to 2010. The theoretical part is aimed on presenting main problems of United State’s economy. Then the explanation of American financial market collapse is described. Thereinafter, a description of the real impact of crisis is developed, not just the United States of America but also in other countries. The author deals with the impact on the United States, as well as other countries including the Czech Republic. This chapter provides also a picture on particular rescue plans and anti-crisis measures developed in the United States and other countries. The analytical part of the thesis is dedicated to anti-crises measures provided by Czech government. As a part of this chapter, the particular incentives, provided in order to enhance Czech business activities, are specified as well as their real impact in practice. The results concluded are based on the research performed by author of the thesis.