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Distribution patterns of ventricular premature complexes at different heart rates

Authors
Journal
The American Journal of Cardiology
0002-9149
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
59
Issue
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0002-9149(87)91106-4
Keywords
  • Arrhythmias And Conduction Disturbances

Abstract

Abstract The relation between distribution patterns of ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) and heart rate in Holter recordings abundant in VPCs was analyzed using computer-assisted determination of the number of interectopic sinus beats at different heart rates. Within the complete 24-hour heart rate spectrum, zones were demonstrated that were characterized by manifest or concealed bigeminy or manifest or concealed trigeminy. Bigeminy zones were found In 26 and trigeminy zones in 21 of 42 patients. Bigeminy zones were found at a significantly lower heart rate, on the average, then trigeminy zones. In 10 patients both bigeminy and trigeminy zones were observed. Bigeminy and trigeminy zones probably correspond to the distribution patterns of VPCs predicted from modulation of a pacemaker and reflected reentry, both of which can be induced by electrotonically mediated impulses across a zone of impaired conduction in isolated bundles of Purkinje fibers. The bigeminy and trigeminy zones will correspond at least partly to the entrainment zones found during electrotonic modulation of parasystolic foci. The bigeminy zones will correspond to 2:1 entrainment and the trigeminy zones mainly to 3:1 entrainment.

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