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Simple and rapid green synthesis of micrometer scale single crystalline gold nanoplates using chitosan as the reducing agent

Authors
Journal
Journal of Crystal Growth
0022-0248
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
406
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2014.08.008
Keywords
  • A1. Single Crystalline Gold
  • B1. Chitosan
  • B1. Gold Nanoplates
  • B1. Anisotropic Nanoparticles
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract A simple, rapid and green chemical method for the synthesis of single crystalline gold nanoplates of several micrometeres in size has been demonstrated. The synthesis involved the reduction of HAuCl4 in aqueous solution using low molecular weight chitosan at boiling temperature for 25min. The [Au3+]:[chitosan] molar ratio plays an important role in the formation of gold nanoplates and found that an optimized molar ratio in the range of 80 to 125 was suitable for the formation of nanoplates. The size and morphology of the nanoplates can be tuned by adjusting the molar ratio. In this process, the chitosan functions both as a reducing as well as a stabilizing agent and no other special agents were added to induce the nanoplate formation. The obtained nanoplates were single crystals with (111) planes as the basal planes with shapes of hexagonal, triangular, or truncated triangular plates.

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