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Problems of the Koszider Period in Transdanubia

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  • Cc Archaeology / Régészet
  • Archaeology
  • Earth Science


05-KISS_2013_AA.vp During the conference on the state of research on the Koszider Period and the newest questions about it, it became clear that by now issues of the determination of the length of the Koszider Period and the Periodization of the material remains of the cultures of the Period are in the focus of interest. In other words, the questions are: how long was the Koszider Period, how many phases did it have, and what cultures lived in the Koszider 1 and 2 phases? In the case of the tell-building cultures of the central and eastern areas of the Carpathian Basin, establishing phases is enabled by the stratigraphy of settlements. The situation is different in the case of the Incrusted Ware culture in central Trasdanubia, where dating the Koszider Period is based partly on indirect data, on cross-dating with the tell-building cultures, the Maïarovce (Magyarád) culture and Litzenkeramik. Consequently, many different opinions have been expressed regarding the archaeological picture of the Koszider Period in Transdanubia. Below I would like to present data on two major issues: on the dating of the final phase of the Incrusted Ware culture and related Transdanubian material, and on its relationship with the earliest Tumulus Grave population. Koszider Period assemblages of the Incrusted Ware culture In the Middle Bronze Age (according to Hungarian terminology) 1 , Transdanubia was occupied by the culture of Incrusted Ware, the material of which may be divided into two Periods on the territory of the northern and southern groups (Kiss 2001; 2002, 482, 484, Abb. 8). By now research has demostrated its survival into the Koszider Period, 2 during the last decades the characteristics of the material dated to this latest phase – distinguished within the younger Period of the culture – were defined in the works of I. Torma, É. Vadász, G. Vékony, T. Kovács and Sz. Honti. With the help of a few assemblages containing Koszider type metal artefacts (e.g. Esztergom

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