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MET Receptor Tyrosine Kinase as an Autism Genetic Risk Factor-Chapter Five

Elsevier Science & Technology
DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-418700-9.00005-8
  • Met Receptor Tyrosine Kinase
  • Hepatocyte Growth Factor
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Risk Gene
  • Synaptic Connectivity
  • Brain Circuits
  • Biology
  • Law


Abstract In this chapter, we will briefly discuss recent literature on the role of MET receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) in brain development and how perturbation of MET signaling may alter normal neurodevelopmental outcomes. Recent human genetic studies have established MET as a risk factor for autism, and the molecular and cellular underpinnings of this genetic risk are only beginning to emerge from obscurity. Unlike many autism risk genes that encode synaptic proteins, the spatial and temporal expression pattern of MET RTK indicates this signaling system is ideally situated to regulate neuronal growth, functional maturation, and establishment of functional brain circuits, particularly in those brain structures involved in higher levels of cognition, social skills, and executive functions.

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