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Effect of non-ionic surfactants on thermomechanical properties of epoxy/multiwall carbon nanotubes composites

Authors
Journal
Progress in Organic Coatings
0300-9440
Publisher
Elsevier
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2014.06.024
Keywords
  • Carbon Nanotubes
  • Nanocomposites
  • Epoxy Resin
  • Surfactants
  • Thermomechanical Properties
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Epoxy/multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) composites were investigated using three different non-ionic surfactants (BYK-110, Tween-80 and Nonidet-P40) separately as a modifier. The role of surfactants in dispersion of MWCNTs in the epoxy matrix was studied. Among three surfactants used, performance of Nonidet-P40 was found to be the best in improving the thermomechanical properties of the epoxy resin and achieving good dispersion of MWCNTs. The good dispersion of Nonidet-P40 modified MWCNT in the epoxy matrix is a result of the π–π interaction between π electrons of the Nonidet-P40 and π electron clouds of MWCNTs as well as H-bonding interaction between of Nonidet-P40 and the epoxy matrix. This type of interaction does not disturb the π electron clouds of MWCNTs as opposed to chemical functionalization strategy.

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