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Overview of actuated arm support systems and their applications

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  • Physics

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Overview of Actuated Arm Support Systems and Their Applications Actuators 2013, 2, 86-110; doi:10.3390/act2040086 OPEN ACCESS actuators ISSN 2076-0825 www.mdpi.com/journal/actuators Review Overview of Actuated Arm Support Systems and Their Applications B. van Ninhuijs 1,*, L.A. van der Heide 2,3, J.W. Jansen 1, B.L.J. Gysen 1, D.J. van der Pijl 4 and E.A. Lomonova 1 1 Electromechanics and Power Electronics (EPE), Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5612 AZ, Eindhoven, The Netherlands; E-Mails: [email protected] (J.W.J.); [email protected] (B.L.J.G.); [email protected] (E.A.L.) 2 Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, Henri Dunantstraat 2, 6419 PB Heerlen, The Netherlands; E-Mail: [email protected] 3 School for Public Health and Primary Care (CAPHRI), Maastricht University, Duboisdomein 30, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands 4 Focal Meditech BV, Droogdokkeneiland 19, 5026 SP Tilburg, The Netherlands; E-Mail: [email protected] * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: [email protected]; Tel.: +31-40-247-3554; Fax: +31-40-243-4364. Received: 8 August 2013; in revised form: 12 September 2013 / Accepted: 26 September 2013 / Published: 2 October 2013 Abstract: Arm support systems provide support throughout daily tasks, training or in an industrial environment. During the last decades a large diversity of actuated arm support systems have been developed. To analyze the actuation principles in these systems, an overview of actuated arm support systems is provided. This overview visualizes the current trends on research and development of these support systems and distinguishes three categories. These categories depend mainly on the functional status of the user environment, which defines the specifications. Therefore, the actuated arm support systems are classified according to their user environment, namely: ambulatory, rehabilitation and industrial. Furthermore, three main actuation principles and three me

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