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Paced versus unpaced recall in free learning

Authors
Journal
Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior
0022-5371
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
2
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-5371(63)80096-1

Abstract

Summary This study examined free learning with paced and unpaced recall. In paced recall, S “anticipated” items at a 2-sec. rate; in unpaced recall 60 sec. were allowed to write down the responses. High- and low-similarity lists were used with three study and three recall trials given. The results show that the high-similarity list was better recalled than the low-similarity list and higher recall occurred with unpaced than with paced recall. However, similarity did not interact with method of recall. Although unpaced recall produced better performance than paced recall statistically speaking, in an absolute sense the differences were not great. The number of correct responses given with paced recall was 89%, 90%, and 95% of the number given with unpaced recall for three different lists. An analysis of recall as a function of word frequency gave suggestive, but not definitive evidence that the influence of frequency is greater under unpaced than under paced recall.

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