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Generation of a dark hollow beam by a nonlinear ZnSe crystal and its propagation properties in free space: Theoretical analysis

Authors
Journal
Optics Communications
0030-4018
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
322
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.optcom.2014.02.043
Keywords
  • Dark Hollow Beam
  • Nonlinear Crystal
  • Propagation Property

Abstract

Abstract A new nonlinear optical method to generate a dark hollow beam (DHB) with a dielectric ZnSe crystal is proposed. From Huygens–Fresnel diffraction theory, we calculate the intensity distributions of the DHB and its propagating properties in free space, and study the dependences of the optimal propagation position and the dark-spot size (DSS) of the hollow beam on the waist radius of the incident Gaussian laser beam. Our study shows that the intensity distribution of the DHB presents symmetrical distribution with increasing the propagation distance, the optimal distance zopt becomes farther and the DSS becomes larger with the increase of the waist radius w of the incident Gaussian laser beam. This generated DHB will have applications in the optical guiding and trapping of macroscopic objects, atoms or molecules.

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