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Measurement of pH in high-temperature nickel laterite pressure acid leach process solutions

Authors
Journal
Hydrometallurgy
0304-386X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
105
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2010.09.002
Keywords
  • Nickel Laterite
  • Pressure Acid Leach
  • Ph Measurement
  • High Temperature
  • Yttria-Stabilised Zirconia
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract The performance of a flow-through electrochemical cell with an yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) sensor for pH measurement in high-temperature nickel laterite pressure acid leach (PAL) process solutions was evaluated. Very good agreement was observed between the measured pH values and those theoretically predicted using the OLI Systems software package calibrated independently based on solubility measurements. PAL process solutions were simplified to ternary MgSO 4–Al 2(SO 4) 3–H 2SO 4 solutions by combining all the divalent metal sulphates into one with the properties of MgSO 4. The experimental results support the postulation that the high-temperature behaviour of nickel, cobalt and manganese sulphates can be satisfactorily approximated with that of MgSO 4. The experimental findings also support the postulation that acid should be added to a PAL process so that the solution pH is around 1 at the leach temperature, regardless of the feed composition.

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