When choosing the topic of this article the author was inspired by claims made by historians that the question of relations between presbyters and catechists have to date not been investigated despite this issue being current in the past and now in the present. The author founds his hypothesis on the identity of the presbyter and that of the catechist which are realised in the parish community in a reciprocal relationship. The bond between that reciprocity lies in the presbyter’s catechistic ministry. That bond of reciprocity shaped the structure of this theological-catechetic debate. That is why the article is divided into three parts. In the first part, it takes a theological and psychoanthropological view of the presbyter’s identity overall – in consideration of its threefold ministry (tria munera). The second part of the article continues to observe the presbyter’s identity compared to the identity of contemporary catechists. The third part of the article dwells on the presbyter’s identity and is focussed on the parish community as a place of catechesis as well as the presbyter’s specific catechistic feature in the catechistic profile of catechists. In conclusion the author stresses the contribution of this debate by explaining that the successes and crisis of identity of contemporary presbyter’s are dependently connected to the successes and crisis of modern parish catechists. In conclusion the author describes the duties of the presbyter as a catechist of catechists. The duties described open a view of the presbyter and of the parish community.