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An alkaloid-mediated desymmetrization ofmeso-anhydrides via a nucleophilic ring opening with benzyl alcohol and its application in the synthesis of highly enantiomerically enriched β-amino acids

Authors
Journal
Tetrahedron Asymmetry
0957-4166
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
14
Issue
22
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0957-4166(03)00579-2

Abstract

Abstract The cinchona alkaloid-mediated opening of prochiral cyclic anhydrides in the presence of benzyl alcohol leading to optically active hemiesters is described. Structurally diverse anhydrides are converted into their corresponding benzyl monoesters with either enantiomer being obtained with up to 99% e.e. by using quinine or quinidine as the directing additive. A simple aqueous work-up protocol permits the isolation of the products in analytically pure form and the recovery of the alkaloids almost quantitatively. These hemiesters can be converted to N-protected β-amino esters by means of Curtius degradation of the corresponding acyl azides. Subsequent cleavage of both protecting groups by a single reaction step leads to the free β-amino acids in excellent yields. The efficiency of this procedure is demonstrated by the short asymmetric synthesis of the fungicide cis-pentacin delivering the amino acid with >99.7% enantiomeric excess.

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