The subject of the author's analysis is a late essay by Carl Schmitt, Hamlet or Hecuba. According to the author, this essay is Schmitt's attempt at un esthetic recapitulation of his entire theoretical and political convictions. It is significant that Schmitt does not make any adjustments in his theoretical and potitical opinions despite the historical failure of his ideas and despite the accumulated historical experience. Besides, the author highlights and interprets those aspects of Nietzsche's philosophy and Scheler's early phenomenology and anthropology that permanently influenced Schmitt and consequently his interpretation of Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet, i.e. Nietzsche's and Scheler's definition of tragic and fictional in human activity.