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Non-invasive management of vasovagal syncope

Authors
Journal
Autonomic Neuroscience
1566-0702
Publisher
Elsevier
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.autneu.2014.06.004
Keywords
  • Syncope
  • Vasovagal
  • Treatment
  • Non-Pharmacological
  • Medication
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Education
  • Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Abstract

Abstract Vasovagal syncope (VVS) is a common disorder of the autonomic nervous system. While recurrent syncope can cause very impaired quality of life, the spells are not generally life-threatening. Both non-pharmacological and pharmacological approaches can be used to treat patients. Conservative management with education, exercise and physical maneuvers, and aggressive volume repletion is adequate for controlling symptoms in most patients. Unfortunately, a minority of patients will continue to have recurrent syncope despite conservative therapy, and they may require medications. These could include vasopressor agents, beta-blockers, or neurohormonal agents. Some patients may require more aggressive device based therapy with pacemakers or radiofrequency ablation, which are emerging therapies for VVS. This paper will review non-procedure based treatments for VVS.

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