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Can back shape screening be used to predict the risk of falls in the elderly? An exploratory study investigating the relationship between spinal curvature and postural sway in healthy subjects

Authors
Journal
Scoliosis
1748-7161
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Volume
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/1748-7161-4-s2-o25
Keywords
  • Oral Presentation

Abstract

1748-7161-4-S2-O25.fm BioMed Central Page 1 of 1 (page number not for citation purposes) Scoliosis Open AccessOral presentation Can back shape screening be used to predict the risk of falls in the elderly? An exploratory study investigating the relationship between spinal curvature and postural sway in healthy subjects C Johnson*, JA Bettany-Saltikov and JG Warren Address: University of Teesside, School of Health and Social Care Borough Road, Middlesbrough, TS1 3BA, UK Email: C Johnson* - [email protected] * Corresponding author Objectives The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between spinal curvature and postural sway in the frontal and sagittal planes in asymptomatic young adults. A secondary objective was to look at this relation- ship over a time period of 15 minutes. Background One in three people over the age of 65 years experiences a fall every year in the UK. A significant factor contributing to the higher risk of falling in the elderly is attributed to an increase in postural sway which is a good indicator of static standing balance. Alterations in back shape with age have also been linked to an increase in postural sway. There is however a scarcity of research that has investi- gated this relationship. It may be possible to predict those at risk of falling through back shape screening, thereby preventing accidents before they occur. Methods Twenty five healthy young adults, ages 20 to 32 years vol- unteered to take part in this study. Approval was gained from the University of Teesside, Ethics committee. A Microscribe 3DX Digitizer was used to measure spinal cur- vature and a Kistler Force Plate calculated postural sway values. Each participant stood on the force plate for a period of 15 minutes. Back shape measurements and a 30 second force plate reading were taken simultaneously at the start and again at 15 minutes. Results A significant positive correlation was found between Lum- bar Lordosis and Anteroposterior Swa

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