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Cortical ablation and drug-induced changes in striatal ascorbic acid oxidation and behavior in the rat

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Elsevier
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  • Bio/14 Farmacologia

Abstract

Rats whose frontoparietal cortex had been bilaterally ablated were allowed 21 days for recovery and then treated with apomorphine (APO), 1 mg/kg SC or scopolamine (SCOP), 0.6 mg/kg SC. Soon after a behavioral test, dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), ascorbic acid (AA), and dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA) levels were determined by HPLC/EC in striatal synaptosomes (left side) and whole striatum (right side). SCOP behavioural effects were attenuated by cortical ablation, while those of APO were affected to a lesser extent. In the striatum of unoperated and sham-operated rats DHAA contents and DHAA/AA ratio resulted increased after drugs administration. No change in AA oxidation was observed in the striatum of ablated rats. In the synaptosomes of unoperated and sham-operated rats both drugs led to a decrease in DHAA contents and DHAA/AA ratio. In unoperated and sham-operated rats APO and SCOP caused a decrease of the DOPAC/DA ratio in the whole striatum and striatal synaptosmes. In ablated rats APO caused a decrease of DOPAC/DA ratio in the whole striatum and synaptosomes, while SCOP effects on DA turnover resulted attenuated in the whole striatum and abolished in synaptosomes. We conclude that drug-induced AA oxidation is likely to occur in the extracellular space and requires intact corticostriatal glutamatergic pathways. The latter may play an enabling role in SCOP behavioral effects.

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