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Radical Surgical Treatment of the Urinary Bladder Cancer in Patients Over the Age of 60 – Our Experiences

Authors
Publisher
Croatian Anthropological Society; [email protected]
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasm
  • Cystectomy
  • Urinary Diversion
  • Incontinent Ileostomy
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

The goal of the paper was the analysis of patients over the age of 60 suffering from the urinary bladder cancer that underwent radical surgical treatment of the urinary bladder and establishing urine derivation. In the 1972–2008 period 2405 patients with the urinary bladder cancer were treated, 296 (12.3%) of whom underwent radical surgical treatment. The average age was between 60 and 80 years – in 207 (70%) patients. In our patients there were 190 patients (91.6%) with transitional cell cancers. According to TNM classification, T3 stage in 92 (44.4%) patients and T2 stage in 85 (41%) patients were predominant in our study. According to histological criteria, the most common stage was G3 stage – in 151 (73%) patients. Radical cystectomy or combined with urethrectomy was performed in 178 (86%) patients. Unfortunately, in 12% of them (T3 and T4 stages) the inner iliac blood vessels were tied off due to a progressive cancer. The outer supravesical urine derivation (Bricker, U-tubing nephrostomy, and ureterocutaneostomy) was done in 163 (78.7%) patients. The inner derivation (Coffey, ureteroileosigmoidostomy, Mainz-Pouch II) was performed in 17 (8.2%) patients and neovesica (Hautmann, Studer) in 24 (11.5%) patients. There were 74 (35.7%) patients with early postoperative complications. Among them the most dominant were the surgical complications – in 28 (13.5%) patients and distant organ complications – in 22 (10.6%) patients. In 75 (36%) patients with negative nodes the survival rate was 55% after five years. In 73 (35%) patients with positive nodes the survival rate was 27% after five years.

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