Shaping globalization for poverty alleviation and food security: Environment

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Shaping globalization for poverty alleviation and food security: Environment

Authors
Publisher
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Keywords
  • Environment
  • Poverty
  • Food Security

Abstract

Shaping Globalization for Poverty Alleviation and Food Security A2 020 Vi sio n fo r Fo o d, A gr ic u ltu re , an d th e Environment 2O2O V I S I O N INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE • 2033 K STREET, N.W. • WASHINGTON, D.C. 20006-1002 • U.S.A. PHONE: +1-202-862-5600 • FA X : +1-202- 467- 4439 • EMAIL: [email protected] • WEB: www.ifpri.org IFPRI, a Future Harvest center, is part of a global agricultural research network, the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).IFPRI EUGENIO DÍAZ-BONILLA AND SHERMAN ROBINSON FOCUS 8 • POLICY BRIEF 1 OF 13 • AUGUST 2001 INTRODUCTION SHAPING GLOBALIZATION FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND FOOD SECURITY WHAT IS GLOBALIZATION In its broadest sense, globalization can be seen as an inherent part of human experience. Since prehistoric times humans have been growing in number; interacting with other groups, peace- fully or not; building larger economic, social, and political organizations; discovering, using, and sometimes destroying the resources of the planet; and generating new knowledge and technologies. That process has led to the emergence of empires, with the ebb and flow over the centuries of explorers, cru- saders, missionaries, merchants, and colonists. The powerful wave of globalization associated with mod- ern economic growth in the second half of the 1800s and early 1900s brought the level of world integration to a new peak, with convergence in commodity and, to a lesser extent, factor prices. It ended in pain and disintegration with two world wars and a global economic depression between them. The world emerged in the 1950s divided both politically and militarily. But soon, another pervasive wave of economic, political, and social integration was rolling forward. That process has been driven by important changes in the generation, adoption, and diffusion of technology, including major advances in commu- nication and transportation. It has been further promot

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