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Negotiated Environmental Governance in The Netherlands: Logic and Illustration

Policy Studies Organization, University of Illinois
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  • Ecology
  • Geography


The Dutch consensus oriented model of negotiated environmental governance enjoys increasing popularity within the European Union because of its seemingly effective way of dealing with environmental problems. A closer look at the model does not reveal any better performance than European average. The article theoretically explains the strengths and weaknesses of the Dutch model as an iterative policy model in which three different modes of governance—competitive, cooperative, and authoritative—interact and compete to achieve effective efficient and legitimate policy results. The argument is empirically illustrated with findings of energy saving policies in the Netherlands.

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