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Development and properties of a glass made from MSWI bottom ash

Authors
Journal
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids
0022-3093
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
352
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2005.11.008
Keywords
  • Glass Formation
  • Glass Transition
  • Mechanical Properties
  • Hardness
  • Indentation
  • Microindentation
  • Oxide Glasses
  • Special Glasses And Materials
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract A uniform shiny black-coloured glass was obtained using bottom ash produced by a Portuguese municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI). The bottom ash was the single batch material used in the formation of the glass, which was obtained by vitrification of the solid waste at 1400 °C for 2 h. Under these conditions, a homogeneous melt with an appropriate viscosity to be shaped was obtained, indicating the suitability of this waste material to be employed in the development of vitreous products. The characterization of the resulting glass was performed in order to assess its structural, physical, mechanical, thermal and chemical features. The glass had a density of 2.69 g cm −3, a hardness of 5.5 GPa, a fracture strength of 75 MPa, a thermal expansion coefficient of 9.5 × 10 −6 °C −1 and it exhibited a very good chemical stability. In summary, the MSWI bottom ash glass has good mechanical and chemical properties and may, therefore, be used in several applications, particularly as a construction material.

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