Virion-associated proteins isolated from purified human cytomegalovirus particles (strain AD169) were used as substrates for chemical sequence analysis. Extracellular virions, noninfectious enveloped particles, and dense bodies were purified by negative viscosity-positive density gradient centrifugation, and their component proteins were separated by denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The deduced amino acid sequence of individual protein bands was used to identify six corresponding viral genes whose products have not previously been identified as virion constituents: UL47, UL25, UL88, UL85, UL26, and UL48.5. In addition, a 45-kDa cellular protein was identified, and the protein fragments sequenced have a high degree of amino acid identity with actin. However, antiactin monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies did not react with a specific protein in the virus preparations, suggesting that this 45-kDa protein is an immunologically distinct isoform of actin. The newly identified viral and cellular proteins were resistant to protease treatment of purified virions, suggesting that they are unlikely to be contaminants of the viral preparations.