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Pancreatic elastase activates pulmonary nuclear factor kappa B and inhibitory kappa B, mimicking pancreatitis-associated adult respiratory distress syndrome

Authors
Journal
Surgery
0039-6060
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
128
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1067/msy.2000.107419
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Background: Select pancreatic enzymes, primarily elastase, precipitate pulmonary injury similar to pancreatitis-associated adult respiratory distress syndrome and stimulate leukocyte cytokine production in vitro via nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation. This study explores the effect of systemic pancreatic enzymes on pulmonary NF-κB and inhibitory kappa B (IκB) proteins and their role in enzyme-induced pulmonary injury. Methods: Mice received pancreatic elastase, amylase, lipase, or trypsin intraperitoneally. Bronchoalveolar lavage IκBα/IκBβ proteins were measured by immunoblot. Pulmonary NF-κB activation, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) gene expression, and neutrophil infiltration (myeloperoxidase) were determined and myeloperoxidase experiments repeated in p55 TNF receptor-deficient (TNF KO) animals. Additional animals received pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), an inhibitor of NF-κB activation, and TNF protein and pulmonary microvascular permeability were measured after elastase administration. Results: Pancreatic elastase induced pulmonary IκBα/IκBβ degradation (30 minutes), NF-κB activation (60 minutes), and TNF gene expression (60 minutes) with subsequent neutrophilic inflammation (4 hours) and microvascular leakage (24 hours), whereas amylase, lipase, and trypsin did not. Furthermore, lung injury was markedly reduced in TNF KO animals and PDTC significantly attenuated TNF production and pulmonary microvascular leakage. Conclusions: Pancreatic elastase induces cytokine-mediated lung injury and this pathway involves the NF-κB second messenger system, further supporting elastase as a factor linking pancreatic inflammation to systemic illness during severe acute pancreatitis. (Surgery 2000;128:225-31.)

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