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In Vitro Susceptibilities of Candida Bloodstream Isolates to the New Triazole Antifungal Agents BMS-207147, Sch 56592, and Voriconazole

American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
  • Susceptibility
  • Medicine


BMS-207147, Sch 56592, and voriconazole are three new investigational triazoles with broad-spectrum antifungal activity. The in vitro activities of these three agents were compared with those of itraconazole and fluconazole against 1,300 bloodstream isolates of Candida species obtained from over 50 different medical centers in the United States. The MICs of all of the antifungal drugs were determined by broth microdilution tests performed according to the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards method using RPMI 1640 as a test medium. BMS-207147, Sch 56592, and voriconazole were all quite active against all Candida sp. isolates (MICs for 90% of the isolates tested [MIC90s], 0.5, 1.0, and 0.5 μg/ml, respectively). Candida albicans was the most susceptible species (MIC90s, 0.03, 0.06, and 0.06 μg/ml, respectively), and C. glabrata was the least susceptible (MIC90s, 4.0, 4.0, and 2.0 μg/ml, respectively). BMS-207147, Sch 56592, and voriconazole were all more active than itraconazole and fluconazole against C. albicans, C. parapsilosis, C. tropicalis, and C. krusei. There existed a clear rank order of in vitro activity of the five azoles examined in this study when they were tested versus C. glabrata: voriconazole > BMS-207147 = Sch 56592 = itraconazole > fluconazole (MIC90s, 2.0, 4.0, 4.0, 4.0, and 64 μg/ml, respectively). For isolates of Candida spp. with decreased susceptibility to both itraconazole and fluconazole, the MICs of BMS-207147, Sch 56592, and voriconazole were also elevated. These results suggest that BMS-207147, Sch 56592, and voriconazole all possess promising antifungal activity and that further in vitro and in vivo investigations are warranted to establish the clinical value of this improved potency.

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