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Estimation of the depth focus from wavefront measurements

The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO)
Publication Date
  • 111399 Optometry And Ophthalmology Not Elsewhere Classified
  • Wavefront
  • Aberrations
  • Depth Of Focus
  • Image Quality Metrics


It is possible to estimate the depth of focus (DOF) of the eye directly from wavefront measurements using various retinal image quality metrics (IQMs). In such methods, DOF is defined as the range of defocus error that degrades the retinal image quality calculated from IQMs to a certain level of the maximum value. Although different retinal image quality metrics are used, currently there have been two arbitrary threshold levels adopted, 50% and 80%. There has been limited study of the relationship between these threshold levels and the actual measured DOF. We measured the subjective DOF in a group of 17 normal subjects, and used through-focus augmented visual Strehl ratio based on optical transfer function (VSOTF) derived from their wavefront aberrations as the IQM. For each subject, a VSOTF threshold level was derived that would match the subjectively measured DOF. Significant correlation was found between the subject’s estimated threshold level and the HOA RMS (Pearson’s r=0.88, p<0.001). The linear correlation can be used to estimate the threshold level for each individual subject, subsequently leading to a method for estimating individual’s DOF from a single measurement of their wavefront aberrations.

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