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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.
Publication Date
  • Winston-Salem (N
  • C
  • )--Social Life And Customs
  • Winston-Salem (N
  • C
  • )--Economic Conditions
  • Winston-Salem (N
  • C
  • )--History
  • Winston-Salem (N
  • C
  • )--Social Conditions
  • African Americans--North Carolina
  • Labor Movement--North Carolina
  • Strikes And Lockouts--North Carolina--Winston-Salem
  • Communist Party (N.C.)
  • R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company.
  • Food
  • Tobacco
  • Agricultural
  • And Allied Workers Union Of America.
  • Agricultural Science
  • Education
  • Political Science


The interview begins with a discussion of Eudy's background and early work with Amalgamated and UCAPAWA. She talks about Henderson and his plan for organizing agriculture, based on a stable organization of fiber processing workers. Middle of Tape She talks about union activities in agriculture and canneries in California during the 1940s, paying particular attention to the impact of World War II (enticing workers and their leaders to leave agriculture and take better paying defense jobs). She describes being a woman involved in the trade union movement, the beginning of union activity in Winston-Salem, and Eudy's first trip to talk with the people in Local 22. She talks about her experiences interviewing for the government in South Carolina and about Mitchell in UCAPAWA. End of Tape The conversation continues with Eudy and the interviewer planning an article for Southern Exposure on Mitchell and his attempt to exempt sharecroppers' locals from collecting dues. TAPE 1 SIDE B Beginning of Tape Eudy talks about her lawsuit against the CIA and the communist party's trade union involvement in California. She then talks about Velma Hopkins and Theodosia Simpson, making particular reference to Hopkins' church and union leadership. She describes the different black women leaders in Local 22 and her dealings with them (including Hopkins, Simpson, Viola Brown, and Moranda Smith). Middle of Tape She talks more about Brown and Smith and about white chauvinism. She explains that the communist party might have encouraged the bitterness of black leaders, particularly Moranda Smith. There is some discussion about Latham and his learning to read through Eleanor Hoagland's education programs. She describes the 1945 War Labor Board contract negotiations, wage rates in Reynolds, and William Deberry's trial. End of Tape Eudy discusses the impact of the War Labor Board on the negotiations between the union and Reynolds. She describes some of the differences between Bumgartener and Whitaker. TAPE 2 SIDE A Beginning of Tape Eudy discusses the problems of recruiting white workers into the union, Kenneth Williams, setting up the union, and a 1948 joint shop stewards conference with textile workers (she talks about the black female tobacco workers and the white female textile workers working together in this conference). The remainder of the tape is discussions of sources that the interviewer is using.

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