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Section 3. Adrenal:Laparoscopic bilateral adrenalectomy for Cushing’s syndrome due to ACTH-independent macronodular adrenocortical hyperplasia

Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/s0753-3322(02)00220-2
  • Cushing’S Syndrome
  • Laparoscopic Bilateral Adrenalectomy
  • Aimah
  • Medicine


Abstract We performed simultaneous bilateral laparoscopic total adrenalectomy in two patients with Cushing’s syndrome due to ACTH-independent macronodular adrenocortical hyperplasia (AIMAH). Preoperative serum cortisol in the patients was 29.5 and 53.2 μg/dl, respectively. The clinical symptoms of the latter patient were advanced, and respiration was labored with orthopnea. Laparoscopic adrenalectomies were performed transabdominally in the sequential lateral decubitus positions with extension of the lateral abdominal wall of the affected side. Three 12-mm and three 5-mm trocars were positioned, and two trocar sites in the midline were used on both sides. The flexible fiberscope was inserted through the umbilical port. The adrenal glands were large, fragile, and multinodular. The maximal diameters of the removed glands were 7.8 and 8.7 cm, respectively. In both patients, the adrenal glands were successfully removed without fragmentation. The operation times were 505 and 320 min, and the estimated blood loss was 150 and 5 ml, respectively. Neither intraoperative nor postoperative complications occurred, although the latter patient required muscle training before ambulation on postoperative day 42. The procedures resulted in marked clinical improvements. Compliance with the substitutive therapy remained excellent, and the patients expressed a very high degree of satisfaction with the laparoscopic adrenal surgery. The procedures of bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy were successful, and provided increased experience with the laparoscopic techniques.

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