Compliant motion occurs when the manipulator position is constrained by the task geometry. Compliant motion may be produced either by a passive mechanical compliance built in to the manipulator, or by an active compliance implemented in the control servo loop. The second method, called force control, is the subject of this report. In particular, this report presents a theory of force control based on formal models of the manipulator, and the task geometry. The ideal effector is used to model the manipulator, and the task geometry is modeled by the ideal surface, which is the locus of all positions accessible to the ideal effector. Models are also defined for the goal trajectory, position control, and force control.