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Biodegradation of endocrine disrupting compounds in harbour seawater and sediments

Authors
Journal
The Science of The Total Environment
0048-9697
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
407
Issue
21
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.07.003
Keywords
  • Biodegradation
  • Halifax Harbour
  • Endocrine Disrupting Compounds
  • Metabolites
Disciplines
  • Chemistry
  • Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Abstract

Abstract The biodegradation of three endocrine disrupting compounds was examined using samples of seawater and sediment collected from Halifax Harbour, Nova Scotia, Canada, an urbanized harbour impacted by over two centuries of anthropogenic contamination. Flask experiments, where the samples were mixed to form a slurry were used to monitor the aerobic biodegradation of the synthetic plasticizer bisphenol A (BPA), the natural hormone 17β-estradiol (E2), and the pharmaceutical and contraceptive ethinylestradiol (EE2). Degradation rates followed the order E2 > EE2 > BPA with half-lives of up to 1, 5 and 14 days in seawater, respectively. A rapid initial degradation rate for all three compounds with no apparent lag phase indicated the ability of the microbial community to readily catabolise the chemicals. The formation of unidentified non-persistent intermediate metabolites was observed during the E2 degradation experiments. These degradation rates are more rapid and complete than reported in previous studies, indicating the adaptation of native microbial communities to these contaminants.

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