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Crystallization of block poly(ethylene oxide)

Authors
Journal
Polymer
0032-3861
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
19
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0032-3861(78)90143-x

Abstract

Abstract Urethane linked block polymers of poly(ethylene oxide) have been prepared and fractionated. Samples having 1 to 20 blocks per molecule, with molecular weights ranging from 1500 to 67 000 g/mol, have been examined by a number of techniques (small-angle X-ray scattering, differential scanning calorimetry, dilatometry, optical microscopy) in order to determine their crystallinities, melting points and spherulite growth rates. For a series of fractions having an average block length of 34 oxyethylene units with a range of 3 to 20 blocks per molecule, we find that equilibrium melting points are practically independent of molecular weight ( 6000 < M ̄ W < 40 000 ). Analysis of the temperature dependence of the spherulite growth rates of these fractions leads to the conclusion that the pre-exponential factor ( G 0) is practically independent of molecular weight and that the end interfacial free energy ( σ e ) increases with molecular weight. Analysis of the experimental results for series of fractions having average block lengths of 45 or of 90 oxyethylene units is complicated by chain folding in the crystalline lamellae.

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