Summary Syngenic fetal liver tissue suspensions were transplanted into the spleens of adult male Fisher 344 inbred rats. Four months after surgery, transplant recipients and age matched control rats were treated with different cytotoxins (allyl alcohol [AAL], bromobenzene [BBZ], carbon tetrachloride [CCl 4], or thioacetamide [TAA]) or the respective solvents 24 or 48 hours before sacrifice. Effects of the cytotoxins on the expression of three cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms, 1A1, 2B1 and 3A2, within spleens and livers were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Additionally, effects on glycogen content within the hepatocytes were examined. In the livers AAL caused small lesions and fatty degeneration of hepatocytes only in some periportal areas. BBZ led to a perivenous necrosis of single cells only, whereas CCl 4, and TAA caused complete necrosis of the centrilobular parenchyma. Treatment with each of the four cytotoxins led to necrosis and fatty degeneration of single or groups of hepatocytes within the intrasplenic transplants. This effect was most pronounced with CCl 4, and TAA. The orthotopic livers of both solvent treated transplant recipients and control rats displayed only in few lobules a slight P450 1A1, but in all lobules a strong P450 2B1 and 3A2 expression, all mainly located in the hepatocytes around the central veins. AAL administration led to an increase in the P450 2B1 expression in the perivenous hepatocytes, whereas the staining for P450 1A1 was not affected and that for P450 3A2 in the periportal areas was even decreased. BBZ administration caused a P450 1A1 expression in the periportal hepatocytes but a decrease in this staining of the perivenous cells. The number of hepatocytes positively stained for P450 2B1 and 3A2 in the perivenous and intermediate zones was diminished in comparison to the livers of solvent treated rats. TAA and, more pronounced, CCl 4, administration caused a strong reduction in the expression of all three P450 isoforms. Spleens of control rats displayed almost no P450 isoforms expression, independent of the treatment with the cytotoxins. Similar to adult liver, the hepatocytes in the transplant containing spleens showed nearly no P450 1A1, but a noticeable P450 2B1 and 3A2 expression. No staining was observed within the bile duct cells of the intrasplenic transplants. AAL administration slightly reduced the P450 2B1 and 3A2 expression in the transplants. BBZ and, much more pronounced, CCl 4, and TAA treatment diminished the staining for all three P450 isoforms. AAL administration led to a marked decrease in the glycogen content of the hepatocytes of the periportal zones of the liver lobules, whereas after BBZ, CCl 4, and TAA treatment a strong perivenous reduction in the glycogen content was seen. Similarly, within the intrasplenic transplants a remarkable decline in the glycogen content of the hepatocytes was caused by the treatment with each of the four cytotoxins. Especially after AAL and BBZ treatment the glycogen depletion within both livers and transplants was much more pronounced than the effects on morphology or P450 isoforms expression. It can be concluded that the effects of cytotoxins like AAL, BBZ, CCl 4 or TAA seen in normal orthotopic liver are exerted in a similar way also in intrasplenic liver cell transplants.