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Monolithic integration of a spot size transformer with a planar buried heterostructure InGaAsP/InP-laser using the shadow masked growth technique

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Abstract

We present a vertically tapered InGaAsP/InP planar buried heterostructure (PBB) laser for low loss coupling to single-mode fibers. To achieve the vertical tapering we make use of the shadow masked growth technique. Tapered lasers with beam divergences of 15° in both lateral and transverse directions were realized. In comparison with untapered lasers, the coupling losses to cleaved single-mode fibers could be reduced by 4.8 dB down to 5.8 dB.

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