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Comparison of cancer survival in UK and Australia: rates are higher in Australia for three major sites

British Journal of Cancer
Nature Publishing Group
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6602154
  • Short Communication
  • Medicine


Short Communication Comparison of cancer survival in UK and Australia: rates are higher in Australia for three major sites XQ Yu1, DL O’Connell1 and D Forman*,2,3 1Cancer Epidemiology Research Unit, The Cancer Council New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; 2Northern and Yorkshire Cancer Registry and Information Service, Arthington House, Cookridge Hospital, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK; 3Unit of Epidemiology & Health Services Research, Medical School, University of Leeds, UK Relative survival of patients diagnosed with cancers of the colorectum, lung and female breast from Yorkshire, UK and New South Wales (NSW), Australia in 1992–2000 were compared using multiple regression models to adjust for various factors. Statistically significant differences were observed for all sites, Yorkshire patients having a 47–58% higher risk of excess death than those of NSW. British Journal of Cancer (2004) 91, 1663–1665. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6602154 Published online 12 October 2004 & 2004 Cancer Research UK Keywords: relative survival; statistical methods; cancer survival; cancer registries � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � UK cancer survival rates have been reported to be inferior to those from many other European countries for most of the common cancer types (Sant et al, 2003). The EUROCARE data, on which such reports have been based, have been criticised from several perspectives (Cookson, 2000; Woodman et al, 2001), among which have been concerns that the processes of cancer registration have not been strictly comparable. Cancer registration and mortality notification systems are directly comparable in the UK and Australia, and routine published survival data show substantial differences between the two countries with outcomes generally being worse in the UK (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) and Australasian Association of Cancer Registries, 2001; National Statistics, 2002). Routine cancer survival rates can, however, be difficult t

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