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ハクアイシャ ニ オケル カンゴシャ コヨウ ノ ジッタイ : ハクアイシャ ソウセツ (メイジ 10ネン) カラ ニホン セキジュウジシャ カンゴフ ヨウセイジョ セツリツ (メイジ 23ネン) ニ イタル マデ

Publication Date
  • 博愛社
  • 看護人
  • 看病婦
  • 日本赤十字社
  • 看護婦養成
  • Hakuai-Sha (Philanthropic Society)
  • Kango-Nin (Unskilled Male Nurse)
  • Kanbyo-Fu (Unskilled Female Nurse)
  • Japanese Red Cross Society
  • Training Of Nurse


This article aims to describe how the nursing system was established during the period that the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) hadn't had any institution o nursing training, and to reveal the reason why nursing was established as women's occupation. The fact of such a nursing system inplies us the position and the role that nurses ought to take in the Hakuai-Sha (the Philanthropic Society). We examined a lot of primary sources including daily reorts, journals, resolutions and others, to make clear the fact of the nursing systems. As a result of examination, we found that there were two kinds of nurses in the Hakuai-Sha. One was kango-nin unskilled male-nurses, and the other was the kanbyo-fu were employed without any nursing training. Regarding their roles, the kango-nin was especially charged with first aid at field hospitals in wartime, while the kanbyo-fu was employed to look after the injured and the sick in a hospital in peacetime. Although the Japanese Red Cross Society established the nursing training institution in 1890, the institution was arranged only for women.

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