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Site-selective probe for investigating the asynchronous unfolding of domains in bovine serum albumin

Authors
Journal
Talanta
0039-9140
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
84
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2011.02.027
Keywords
  • Bovine Serum Albumin
  • Alizarin Red S
  • Asynchronous Unfolding
  • Visualization
  • Electrochemistry
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract A convenient method is proposed for precise investigation of the asynchronous structural transition of the domains in bovine serum albumin (BSA) during unfolding process. The method is based on a site-selective probe, alizarin red S (ARS), which has a high affinity to the subdomain IIA of BSA. BSA–ARS complex was formed and gradually unfolded by urea from 0 to 8.0 M. The unfolding occurred in different domains of BSA resulted in distinct alterations of the microenvironment of the bound ARS. The spectral response of BSA–ARS complex, including the color, the UV absorption at 530 and 432 nm, and the intrinsic fluorescence at 342 and 310 nm with the excitation wavelength of 280 nm, showed slight changes in the urea concentration from 0 to 4.5 M, drastic changes from 4.5 to 6.0 M, and almost no changes from 6.0 to 8.0 M. The redox behavior of bound ARS between 0.3 and 0.8 V also showed the same trend. Consequently, a two-step, three-state transition process was monitored by naked eyes, UV–vis spectroscopy and electrochemistry. It is the first report to realize the indicator of the intermediate state during the unfolding process of BSA through convenient methods instead of expensive approaches. The work provides a facile method for the investigation of the unfolding process of multidomain proteins.

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