Abstract The parasitic protist Giardia lamblia lacks mitochondria and peroxisomes, as well as many typical membrane-bound organella characteristics of higher eukaryotic cells, together with extremely economized usage of DNA sequence, as demonstrated by the lack of introns. We describe here the presence of overlapping genes in G. lamblia, in which a part of the protein coding sequence of one mRNA exists in a region corresponding to the 3′-noncoding region of another mRNA transcribed from a gene on the opposite strand. Recently we isolated 13 kinesin-related cDNAs from G. lamblia. Nine of these cDNAs contain long 3′-noncoding sequences in which long open reading frames (ORFs) exist (in the remaining four cDNAs, the lengths of the 3′-noncoding sequences are very short). The predicted amino acid sequences of these ORFs were subjected to a search for homologies with sequences in databases. The amino acid sequences of the six ORFs exhibited significant sequence similarities with known sequences. These lines of evidence suggest the frequent occurrence of gene overlap in Giardial genome.