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Molecular and biochemical mechanisms ofPasteurella haemolyticaleukotoxin-induced cell death

Authors
Journal
Microbial Pathogenesis
0882-4010
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
25
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1006/mpat.1998.0236
Keywords
  • Pasteurella Haemolytica
  • Bl3 Cells
  • Leukotoxin
  • Apoptosis
  • β2 Integrin.
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Pasteurella haemolyticaleukotoxin (LKT) is a member of the RTX family of pore-forming toxins that kill bovine immune cells. Several studies have suggested that RTX toxins kill target cells by the induction of apoptosis. In the present study, BL3 bovine leukaemia cells were exposed to LKT and assessed by molecular and flow cytometric techniques that measure different aspects of apoptotic cell death. The intoxicated cells demonstrated morphological, light scatter and Hoechst 33258 staining characteristics consistent with cells undergoing apoptosis. The cells also exhibited internucleosomal DNA fragmentation and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage, both indicators of apoptosis. LKT-treated cells bound annexin-V-FITC indicating that phosphatidylserine groups were translocated from the inner to the outer leaflet of the cell membrane. The effect of LKT on cells was dose dependent and inhibitable by incubation with anti-LKT monoclonal antibody. Finally, an early step for induction of apoptosis appears to be the binding of LKT to a β2 integrin since pre-incubating cells with anti-β2 integrin antibodies inhibited LKT-induced apoptosis. This study provides new insights into understanding the pathogenesis of bovine pasteurellosis and could lead to the development of both preventative and therapeutic strategies for disease management.

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