Affordable Access

Publisher Website

The discrepancy between implicit and explicit attitudes in predicting disinhibited eating

Authors
Journal
Eating Behaviors
1471-0153
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
15
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2013.10.021
Keywords
  • Attitude Discrepancy
  • Implicit Attitudes
  • Explicit Attitudes
  • Disinhibition
  • Impulsivity

Abstract

Abstract Disinhibited eating (i.e., the tendency to overeat, despite intentions not to do so, in the presence of palatable foods or other cues such as emotional stress) is strongly linked with obesity and appears to be associated with both implicit (automatic) and explicit (deliberative) food attitudes. Prior research suggests that a large discrepancy between implicit and explicit food attitudes may contribute to greater levels of disinhibited eating; however this theory has not been directly tested. The current study examined whether the discrepancy between implicit and explicit attitudes towards chocolate could predict both lab-based and self-reported disinhibited eating of chocolate. Results revealed that, whereas neither implicit nor explicit attitudes alone predicted disinhibited eating, absolute attitude discrepancy positively predicted chocolate consumption. Impulsivity moderated this effect, such that discrepancy was less predictive of disinhibited eating for those who exhibited lower levels of impulsivity. The results align with the meta-cognitive model to indicate that attitude discrepancy may be involved in overeating.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.