Abstract DNA acts as a ‘workbench’ for various nuclear processes that occur inside living cells. In eukaryotic cells, DNA is highly compacted in a structural hierarchy with histones and other proteins into chromatin. This compaction affects DNA structure and coordinates the accessibility to site-specific nuclear factors during DNA processing events. DNA repair is no exception to this general rule and several reviews have appeared recently that discuss this topic in detail [1–3]. Here, we focus on recent findings correlating changes in DNA repair with subtle variations in the chromatin landscape.