Abstract The Soviet Union has an overwhelming need for oversnow and adverse terrain transport since by their own definition over 60% of their country is considered as Arctic. They have developed a wide range of configurations and types of vehicles to fit their production capabilities and needs. Their vehicles in general are not sophisticated but rather emphasize ease of maintenance and simplicity. Their research however is based on investigating even exotic vehicle configurations. Japan on the other hand has limited its work to a small number of vehicles to fit their limited needs in the Northern Islands. Their research has been based mainly on the development and improvement of a snow/road track which can be used to meet their specialized military requirements.