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Preparation of rich handles soft cellulosic fabric using amino silicone based softener. Part-I: Surface smoothness and softness properties

Authors
Journal
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
0141-8130
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
48
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2011.01.011
Keywords
  • Cellulosic Fibers
  • Polyester
  • Finishing Agents
  • Textiles
  • Amino Silicone
  • Tone Change

Abstract

Abstract A series of amino silicone based softeners with different emulsifiers were prepared and adsorbed onto the surfaces of cotton and blends of cotton/polyester fabrics. Factors affecting the performance properties of the finished substrate such as post-treatment with amino functional silicone based softener varying different emulsifiers in their formulations and its concentration on different processed fabrics were studied. Fixation of the amino-functional silicone softener onto/or within the cellulose structure is accompanied by the formation of semi-inter-penetrated network structure thereby enhancing both the extent of crosslinking and networking as well as providing very high softness. The results of the experiments indicate that the amino silicone can form a hydrophobic film on both cotton and blends of cotton/polyester fabrics and its coating reduces the surface roughness significantly. Furthermore, the roughness becomes lesser with an increase in the applied strength of amino silicone based softener.

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