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New approaches with two cyano columns to the separation of acetaminophen, phenylephrine, chlorpheniramine and related compounds

Authors
Journal
Journal of Chromatography B
1570-0232
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
817
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2004.11.060
Keywords
  • Common Cold Drugs
  • Impurities
  • Ph Gradient
  • Hplc
Disciplines
  • Pharmacology

Abstract

Abstract The development of new pharmaceutical forms with classical active compounds generates new analytical problems. That is the case of sugar-free sachets of cough-cold products containing acetaminophen, phenylephrine hydrochloride and chlorpheniramine maleate. Two cyanopropyl stationary phases have been employed to tackle the problem. The Discovery cyanopropyl (SUPELCO) column permitted the separation of the three actives, maleate and excipients (mainly saccharine and orange flavour) with a constant proportion of aqueous/ organic solvent (95:5, v/v) and a pH gradient from 7.5 to 2. The run lasted 14 min. This technique avoids many problems related to baseline shifts with classical organic solvent gradients and opens great possibilities to modify selectivity not generally used in reversed phase HPLC. On the other hand, the Agilent Zorbax SB-CN column with a different retention profile permitted us to separate not only the three actives and the excipients but also the three known related compounds: 4-aminophenol, 4-chloracetanilide and 4-nitrophenol in an isocratic method with a run time under 30 min. This method was validated following ICH guidelines and validation parameters showed that it could be employed as stability-indicating method for this pharmaceutical form.

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