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Filtering Genes for Cluster and Network Analysis

Authors
Journal
BMC Bioinformatics
1471-2105
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Volume
10
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2105-10-193
Keywords
  • Methodology Article

Abstract

Background Prior to cluster analysis or genetic network analysis it is customary to filter, or remove genes considered to be irrelevant from the set of genes to be analyzed. Often genes whose variation across samples is less than an arbitrary threshold value are deleted. This can improve interpretability and reduce bias. Results This paper introduces modular models for representing network structure in order to study the relative effects of different filtering methods. We show that cluster analysis and principal components are strongly affected by filtering. Filtering methods intended specifically for cluster and network analysis are introduced and compared by simulating modular networks with known statistical properties. To study more realistic situations, we analyze simulated "real" data based on well-characterized E. coli and S. cerevisiae regulatory networks. Conclusion The methods introduced apply very generally, to any similarity matrix describing gene expression. One of the proposed methods, SUMCOV, performed well for all models simulated.

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