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Treatment Costs of Traffic Accident Casualties in a Third-level Hospital in Iran: a Preliminary Study

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  • Medicine


Introduction: The costs of traffic accidents in low- and middle-income countries are estimated to add up to $65 billion annually, which is a little higher than the amount they receive as final aid for development. The present retrospective study aims to evaluate the treatment costs of the hospitalized injured in traffic accidents. Methods: The present study was carried out in Imam Hossein Hospital, Tehran, Iran. The study population consisted of all the individuals injured in traffic accidents, admitted in the hospital wards. Data were collected by trained emergency physician. Demographic data, injury mechanism, the type of the vehicle, the ward the patient was admitted into and the treatment costs were collected. Results: A total of 200 patient files were evaluated (males: 89%). The results showed that 54% of the patients were in the 18‒40-year age group and collisions between cars and motorcycles were the most frequent accidents (47%). The mean hospitalization cost for each patient was estimated to be $1622.1. Statistical analyses showed that treatment costs in the neurosurgery ward was significantly higher than those in orthopedic and general surgery wards (df:3; F=9.5, P=0.008). Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that the mean cost of each traffic accident victim in Tehran is approximately $1622.1 and these patients sustain significantly higher costs in neurosurgery ward.Key words: Health care costs, traffic accidents, hospitalization

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